The capital is Salem, in the northwestern part of the state. Almost one-fourth of all Oregonians live in three cities: Portland, Eugene, and Salem. Portland, near the confluence of the Willamette and Columbia rivers, is the largest city in the state, a leading West Coast port, and the major commercial, industrial, service, and cultural centre of the state. Eugene and Salem, the next largest cities, are important for trade and processing. Salem, the state capital, is among the country’s leading food-processing centres. The major cities outside the Willamette valley are Grants Pass, Ashland, and Medford, in the Rogue valley; Bend and Redmond, along the Deschutes River in the Cascade foothills of central Oregon; and Klamath Falls, in the south-central part of the state.