Nashville is the capital and Memphis the largest city. Chattanooga, Knoxville, and Kingsport are East Tennessee’s major population centres. The suburbs of the state’s major urban centres—Memphis, Nashville, Chattanooga, and Knoxville—have grown especially rapidly. In East Tennessee the counties surrounding Knoxville have developed quickly, and, at the far eastern tip of the state, the proximate cities of Johnson City, Kingsport, and Bristol have merged to form a metropolitan area about the size of Chattanooga. Suburban growth around Nashville has endowed the city with a substantial metropolitan population.